NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Service, an autonomous body in charge of the civil space system, aeronautics, and space science from the Federal government of the United States.

NASA, followed by the National Aeronautics Consultative Committee (NASA), was founded in 1958. The new organization was designed for civil applications in Space Science and encourages peaceful applications. After its formation, NASA also drove several attempts on the discovery, including the Apollo Moon, the Skylab, and eventually the Space Shuttle. NASA supports the ISS and is responsible for the development of Orion’s multi-purpose crew, the Space Launch System, and the Commercial Crew. The Agency also oversees launch operations and countdown administration on unscrewed NASA launches in the Launch Services program.

NASA scientific knowledge focuses on improving understanding of the earth through the earth observation system; advancing geophysics through efforts by the Geophysics Research Program of the Directorate of the Science Mission; exploring bodies of advanced robotic spacecraft missions such as New Horizons in the entire solar system; researching astrophysical issues, like the big bang in the Great Observatory,



The National Aeronautics and Space Act establishing NASA was signed by Eisenhower on 29 July 1958. NASA replaced the 43-year-old NACA unchanged at the start of operations, with its 8,000 staff, an annual expenditure of US$ 100 million, its 3 main development laboratories (Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, Ames and Laboratory Flight Propulsion), and two small testing facilities. When the NACA started its service on 1 October 1958. In 1959, President Eisenhower approved a seal from NASA. NASA combined components from the Army Ballistic Missile Service and the US Naval Science Laboratory. The technology from Wernher von Braun ‘s German rockets program, which now worked for the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA), which in turn incorporated technology from earlier works of American scientist Robert Goddard, was a significant contributor to NASA ‘s entry into the Space Race with the Soviet Union.

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Earlier efforts in the United States Air Force research and many early space programs of the ARPA have also been transferred to NASA. The Jet Propulsion Lab, a Contractor facility operated by the California Institute of Technology, was established by NASA in December 1958.

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